IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Sequence analysis using Stata


  • Christian Brzinsky-Fay

    () (WZB)

  • Ulrich Kohler

    () (WZB)


Sequences are ordered lists of elements. A typical example is the sequence of bases in DNA. Other examples are sequences of employment stages during a lifetime or individual party preferences over time. Sequence analysis include techniques to handle, describe, and, most importantly, compare sequences. Sequences are most commonly used by geneticists but not as commonly by social scientists. This disparity is surprising, as sequence data are readily available for the social sciences. In fact, all data from panel studies can be regarded as sequence data. Nevertheless, social scientists relatively seldom use panel data for sequence analysis. The first aim of the presentation therefore is to illustrate a typical research topic that can be dealt with sequence analysis. The second part will then describe a bundle of user-written Stata programs for sequence analysis, including a Mata algorithm for performing optimal matching with the so-called Needleman–Wunsch algorithm.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Brzinsky-Fay & Ulrich Kohler, 2006. "Sequence analysis using Stata," German Stata Users' Group Meetings 2006 07, Stata Users Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:boc:dsug06:07

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:boc:dsug06:07. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christopher F Baum). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.