IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Pareto-Improving Income Tax Reform


  • Peter Sinclair


This paper examines two tax regimes in a world where abilities to earn differ. It compares the distributions of utilities under a “flat” tax regime where all income is subject to a common tax rate, and proceeds finance a common transfer paid to all, with one with a menu of tax rates and transfers from which each can select the combination that suits him or her best. When the two regimes are optimized under a social welfare function that weights minimum utilities enough, or reflects a large enough requirement for government spending, it turns out that everyone is better off in the second regime than the first.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Sinclair, 2007. "Pareto-Improving Income Tax Reform," Discussion Papers 07-10, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
  • Handle: RePEc:bir:birmec:07-10

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Non-linear income tax; redistribution; Pareto improving tax reform;

    JEL classification:

    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bir:birmec:07-10. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Colin Rowat). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.