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Vulnerabilidad del sistema financiero colombiano ante fluctuaciones en los ingresos de las empresas exportadoras

  • Paola Morales Acevedo


  • Juan Carlos Mendoza


En este documento se presenta un análisis de la vulnerabilidad del sistema financiero Colombiano ante fluctuaciones en los ingresos de las empresas exportadoras a los dos principales socios comerciales, Estados Unidos y Venezuela, para el periodo comprendido entre 2004 y 2007. El análisis costa de tres partes: en primer lugar se evalúa la dependencia de los ingresos de las empresas nacionales frente a las exportaciones realizadas a estos países y así mismo su desempeño en comparación a la muestra de empresas que reportaron información a las Superintendencias Financiera y de Sociedades. En segundo lugar, se identifica el riesgo que representa la deuda de estas empresas en el total de la cartera comercial de las entidades financieras. Finalmente, se estima un modelo de regresión para la cartera riesgosa en función de indicadores financieros propios de las empresas y a partir de los resultados se realiza un análisis de sensibilidad del sistema financiero de forma agregada. Los resultados de este análisis sugieren que el efecto directo de una caída en los ingresos de las empresas exportadoras no reduce significativamente la relación de solvencia del sistema financiero colombiano.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Temas de Estabilidad Financiera with number 034.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:temest:034
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