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Concentración y Competencia en el Sistema Financiero Crediticio Colombiano en la Última Década

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  • Ricardo Bernal Fandiño

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Abstract

Este trabajo estudia la relación entre los aumentos en la concentración y las dinámicas de competencia del sector financiero crediticio de los últimos años en la economía colombiana. Se encuentra que a pesar de los incrementos en la concentración que reflejan diversos indicadores analizados, el nivel de poder de mercado -medido como el estadístico H de Panzar y Rose (1987) por medio de un análisis de panel de datos- no se ha deteriorado en el periodo 1995-2005. Más aún, existen indicios por los cuales este nivel de competencia se ha incrementado en el periodo, una vez se ha controlado por variables específicas a la entidad así como por variables exógenas macroeconómicas.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricardo Bernal Fandiño, 2007. "Concentración y Competencia en el Sistema Financiero Crediticio Colombiano en la Última Década," Borradores de Economia 432, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:432
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    Keywords

    Concentración; Consolidación; Competencia; Contestabilidad Classification JEL:D4; G21; L13; R12;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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