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The evolution of the Pillar 2 framework for banks: some thoughts after the financial crisis


  • Marco Bevilacqua

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Francesco Cannata

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Raffaele Arturo Cristiano

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Simona Gallina

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Michele Petronzi

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Silvia Cardarelli

    () (Bank of Italy)


This paper examines the evolution of the Pillar 2 framework for banks, introduced by the Basel 2 Accord, and discusses the main issues at stake in the current policy debate. The main objective of Pillar 2 was to complement the minimum requirements established by regulators (Pillar 1) with tailored supervisory measures based on a thorough assessment of banks’ risk profiles. However, its implementation coincided in most jurisdictions with the outbreak of the global financial crisis: the main policy objective became to restore the stability of the global financial system. In this context, Pillar 2 contributed significantly to enhance supervisory action, in particular by raising capital requirements. Nevertheless, a number of issues still remain. Today, in the run-up to the completion of the post-crisis regulatory reform, the debate has regained momentum and a sound supervisory framework can be finalized under more favorable conditions, to avoid that Pillar 2 loses its key properties.

Suggested Citation

  • Marco Bevilacqua & Francesco Cannata & Raffaele Arturo Cristiano & Simona Gallina & Michele Petronzi & Silvia Cardarelli, 2019. "The evolution of the Pillar 2 framework for banks: some thoughts after the financial crisis," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 494, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:opques:qef_494_19

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    Pillar 2; SREP; Single Supervisory Mechanism; Basel; Stress Test; ICAAP;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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