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Argentina 2002-2005: Use of Bank Financing, Long-Term Credit and Their Impact on Companies’ Microeconomic Performance

Author

Listed:
  • Alejandra Anastasi

    () (Central Bank of Argentina)

  • Gustavo González Padilla

    () (Central Bank of Argentina)

  • Gastón Repetto

    () (Central Bank of Argentina)

Abstract

The starting point of any policy decision tending to promote long-term bank financing is that it is scarce and that its provision is important for economic development. In the case of Argentina, in December 2005, long-term bank financing accounted for approximately 8.85% of GDP for total loans and 5.10% of GDP for loans to the non-financial private sector, if long-term means periods longer than 12 months; in the case of terms of over 24 months, the percentages were 7.16% of GDP and 3.76% of GDP, respectively. If, as reference information, we take into account that Gross Domestic Fixed Investment and the investment in durable equipment stood at around 21.46% and 8.49% of GDP, respectively, it is clear that the share of long-term bank financing is, at best, limited. If we focus on the depth of the Argentine financial system, the evidence is not promising, either. Out of a total of 150,960 loans to companies granted by financial entities regulated and supervised by the Central Bank of Argentina as of December 2005, only 16,030 (approximately 10.6%) had maturity terms over 12 months and only 8,733 (around 5.8%) had maturities over 24 months. Out of the 73,329 companies that received loans, only 12,126 (approximately 16.5%) had maturity terms over one year, while only 7,084 (around 9.7%) had terms exceeding two years. The purpose of our paper is to study, as of December 2005, if there are restrictions in the use of long-term financing among companies in Argentina, and then see how restrictions depend on the observable characteristics of the relevant economic agents and of the loans provided; as a result, we also analyze how the use of bank financing in general and long-term loans in particular affected companies’ microeconomic performance in the period 2002-2005. The paper concludes that, in Argentina, there is a starting point to promote long-term financing, since we could document the shortage of long-term loans and how important they are for economic development.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandra Anastasi & Gustavo González Padilla & Gastón Repetto, 2008. "Argentina 2002-2005: Use of Bank Financing, Long-Term Credit and Their Impact on Companies’ Microeconomic Performance," BCRA Working Paper Series 200834, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:bcr:wpaper:200834
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Argentina; bank loans; credit access restrictions; economic development; long term credits;

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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