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ARGEM: A DSGE Model with Banks and Monetary Policy Regimes with Two Feedback Rules, Calibrated for Argentina

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  • Guillermo Escudé

    (Central Bank of Argentina)

Abstract

This paper develops a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model for a small open economy (SOE) that can be calibrated to simulate the macro dynamics of a semi-industrialized developing country like Argentina. We consider a multilateral non-commodity trade environment, with the U.S.A. and Europe as trade partners, and assume that the Law of One Price does not hold for the goods that the U.S.A. and Europe trade between them. We show that this makes the U.S.A.´s multilateral real exchange rate (MRER) a key fundamental for the SOE´s MRER, in addition to its terms of trade. The SOE produces and consumes exportable and non tradable goods using labor (and in the case of exportables, imports). There is a representative, perfectly competitive firm producing exportables and operating under perfectly flexible export and import prices. Monopolistic competition with price (wage) stickiness prevails for non-tradable firms (households). These set prices (wages) subject to a price/wage adjustment cost function. There coexist both forward and backward looking firms. The latter use a "rule of thumb" to change prices that gradually corrects their price to that of optimizing firms. Alternative monetary or foreign exchange policy rules, including a fixed exchange rate, inflation targeting under a pure float and inflation targeting under a managed float, complete the dynamic systems. The non-stochastic steady state is analyzed in detail for the alternative models and the log-linearized systems are obtained.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillermo Escudé, 2007. "ARGEM: A DSGE Model with Banks and Monetary Policy Regimes with Two Feedback Rules, Calibrated for Argentina," BCRA Working Paper Series 200721, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:bcr:wpaper:200721
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Shulgin, Andrei, 2014. "How much monetary policy rules do we need to estimate DSGE model for Russia?," Applied Econometrics, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), vol. 36(4), pages 3-31.
    2. Escudé, Guillermo J., 2014. "The possible trinity: Optimal interest rate, exchange rate, and taxes on capital flows in a DSGE model for a small open economy," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal (2007-2020), Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 8, pages 1-58.
    3. German Cubas, 2012. "The Rate of Reserve Requirements and Monetary Policy in Uruguay: a DSGE Approach," Documentos de trabajo 2012011, Banco Central del Uruguay.
    4. Jorge Basal & Patricia Carballo & Fernanda Cuitiño & Serafín Frache & José Mourelle & Helena Rodríguez & Verónica Rodríguez & Leonardo Vicente, 2016. "Un modelo estocástico de equilibrio general para la economía uruguaya," Documentos de trabajo 2016002, Banco Central del Uruguay.
    5. Shulgin, A., 2015. "Optimization of Simple Monetary Policy Rules on the Base of Estimated DSGE-model," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 64-98.
    6. German Cubas, 2011. "A Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Model for Policy Analysis in Uruguay," Documentos de trabajo 2011013, Banco Central del Uruguay.
    7. Gabriel Michelena, 2021. "A Dynamic Stock-Flow Model for the Argentine Economy," BCRA Working Paper Series 202189, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Argentina; DSGE models; small open economy; monetary policy; exchange rate policy; sticky prices and wages;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange

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