IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Towards an Estimation of Money Demand with Forecasting Purposes


  • Horacio Aguirre

    () (Central Bank of Argentina)

  • Tamara Burdisso

    () (Central Bank of Argentina)

  • Federico Grillo

    () (Central Bank of Argentina)


This paper aims at producing forecasts of monetary aggregates which are useful in formulating monetary policy in Argentina; in particular, forecasts that allow evaluation of alternative economic scenarios, with a 5-quarter horizon and of both public and private monetary aggregates. With that aim, relationships between different aggregates – currency, M1*, M2*, M3*- and two of their determinants (GDP and interest rates) are estimated. The period selected (1993-2005) spans two different macroeconomic regimes, something problematic when analyzing long-run relationships: coefficients differ from those suggested by economic theory; and cointegration relationships are not stationary. In contrast, short-term models are estimated that exhibit acceptable goodness-of-fit, and evidence of stable parameters. In-sample forecasts do not display errors significantly different from zero, and observations between 2004:III and 2005:III are included within one-standard deviation confidence intervals. Additionally, forecast unbiasedness is obtained. Thus, models show good forecast capacity. However, taking into account the Central Bank’s aims and constraints, more demanding criteria should be applied: although forecast errors are not significant, they turn more persistent as the forecast horizon is extended; and they currently seem to indicate underestimation of narrow aggregates and overestimation of broad ones. Such behaviour may be related to more “cash-intensive” money holdings after the crisis. An adjustment to forecasts is proposed in order to deal with this problem. The models obtained can be used to evaluate whether a given monetary target is consistent with a certain macroeconomic scenario, using as inputs variables whose forecasts can be obtained from models developed at BCRA.

Suggested Citation

  • Horacio Aguirre & Tamara Burdisso & Federico Grillo, 2006. "Towards an Estimation of Money Demand with Forecasting Purposes," BCRA Working Paper Series 200611, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:bcr:wpaper:200611

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: English version
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    File Function: versión en Español
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hendry, David F. & Massmann, Michael, 2007. "Co-Breaking: Recent Advances and a Synopsis of the Literature," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 25, pages 33-51, January.
    2. Holden, K & Peel, D A, 1990. "On Testing for Unbiasedness and Efficiency of Forecasts," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 58(2), pages 120-127, June.
    3. Ilek, David & Ilek, Alex, 2007. "The Information Content of Inflationary Expectations Derived from Bond Prices in Israel," MPRA Paper 4704, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. King, Robert G., 1988. "Money demand in the United States: A quantitative review," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 169-172, January.
    5. Lucas, Robert E., 1988. "Money demand in the United States: A quantitative review," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 137-167, January.
    6. Markus Knell & Helmut Stix, 2004. "Three Decades of Money Demand Studies. Some Differences and Remarkable Similarities," Working Papers 88, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
    7. Kamin, Steven B. & Ericsson, Neil R., 2003. "Dollarization in post-hyperinflationary Argentina," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 185-211, April.
    8. Hilde Bjørnland, 2005. "A stable demand for money despite financial crisis: the case of Venezuela," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(4), pages 375-385.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Matteo Mogliani & Giovanni Urga & Carlos Winograd, 2009. "Monetary disorder and financial regimes - The demand for money in Argentina, 1900-2006," Working Papers halshs-00575107, HAL.
    2. Mehrotra, Aaron & Ponomarenko, Alexey, 2010. "Wealth effects and Russian money demand," BOFIT Discussion Papers 13/2010, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.

    More about this item


    Argentina; forecasts; monetary aggregates; monetary policy; money demand;

    JEL classification:

    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E47 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bcr:wpaper:200611. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Federico Grillo). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.