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Dynamic Employment and Hours Effects of Government Spending Shocks

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  • Yuan, M.
  • Li, W.

Abstract

In this paper, we analyze the dynamic behaviour of employment and hours worked per worker in a stochastic general equilibrium model with a matching mechanism between vacancies and unemployed workers. The model is estimated for the United States using the Generalized Methods of Moments (GMM) estimation technique. An increase in government spending raises hours worked per worker, and crowds out private consumption due to a negative wealth effect. On the path converging towards the steady state, private consumption is below its long-run average and increases, which implies that the interest rate is above its long-run average and declines. The interest rate effect dominates the pure economic rent effect on the capital value of a hired worker to the firm, causing a reduction of job openings and consequently a decrease in employment. These results are contrasted with the predictions of a version of the Burnside, Eichenbaum and Rebelo's (1993) labor hoarding model.

Suggested Citation

  • Yuan, M. & Li, W., 1999. "Dynamic Employment and Hours Effects of Government Spending Shocks," Staff Working Papers 99-1, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:99-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tafadzwa Ruzive & Thando Mkhombo & Simba Mhaka & Nomahlubi Mavikela & Andrew Phiri, 2017. "Elecricity intensity and unemployment in South Africa: A quantile regression analysis," Working Papers 1711, Department of Economics, Nelson Mandela University, revised Sep 2017.
    2. Ryuta Ray Kato & Hiroaki Miyamoto, 2013. "Fiscal Stimulus in an Endogenous Job Separation Model," Working Papers EMS_2013_02, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
    3. Campolmi Alessia & Faia Ester & Winkler Roland, 2011. "Fiscal Calculus and the Labor Market," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-27, December.
    4. K. Arin & Faik Koray, 2009. "Beggar thy Neighbor? The Transmission of Fiscal Shocks from the US to Canada," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 20(3), pages 425-434, July.
    5. Joydeep Bhattacharya & Helle Bunzel, 2003. "Dynamics of the planning solution in the discrete-time textbook model of labor market search and matching," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 5(19), pages 1-10.
    6. Horst Feldmann, 2006. "Government Size and Unemployment: Evidence from Industrial Countries," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 127(3), pages 443-459, June.
    7. Bhattacharya, J. & Bunzel, H., 2003. "Chaotic Planning Solutions in the Textbook Model of Labor Market Search and Matching," Discussion Paper 2003-15, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    8. Yaniv Yedid-Levi, 2016. "Why does employment in all major sectors move together over the business cycle?," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 22, pages 131-156, October.
    9. Kato, Ryuta Ray & Miyamoto, Hiroaki, 2013. "Fiscal stimulus and labor market dynamics in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 33-58.
    10. MATSUMAE Tatsuyoshi & HASUMI Ryo, 2016. "Impacts of Government Spending on Unemployment: Evidence from a Medium-scale DSGE Model(in Japanese)," ESRI Discussion paper series 329, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    11. Feldmann, Horst, 2004. "Arbeitsmarkteffekte wirtschaftlicher Freiheit (Labour market effects of economic freedom)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 37(3), pages 187-209.
    12. Ryuta Ray Kato & Hiroaki Miyamoto, 2015. "Effects of Fiscal Stimulus on the Labor Market," Public Policy Review, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance Japan, vol. 11(2), pages 277-302, March.
    13. Tafadzwa Ruzive & Thando Mkhombo & Simba Mhaka & Nomahlubi Mavikela & Andrew Phiri, 2017. "Elecricity intensity and unemployment in South Africa: A quantile regression analysis," Working Papers 1711, Department of Economics, Nelson Mandela University, revised Sep 2017.
    14. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:5:y:2003:i:19:p:1-10 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Mayer, Eric & Rüth, Sebastian & Scharler, Johann, 2013. "Government debt, inflation dynamics and the transmission of fiscal policy shocks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 762-771.
    16. Chun-Hung Kuo & Hiroaki Miyamoto, 2014. "Fiscal Stimulus and Unemployment Dynamics," Working Papers EMS_2014_05, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
    17. Faik Koray & K. Peren Arin, 2006. "International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks: An Empirical Investigation," Departmental Working Papers 2006-03, Department of Economics, Louisiana State University.
    18. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:37:i:3:p:187-209 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Mayer, Eric & Moyen, Stéphane & Stähler, Nikolai, 2010. "Government expenditures and unemployment: A DSGE perspective," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2010,18, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    20. Faik Koray & W. Douglas McMillin, 2006. "Fiscal Shocks, the Trade Balance, and the Exchange Rate," Departmental Working Papers 2006-02, Department of Economics, Louisiana State University.
    21. Alessia Campolmi & Ester Faia & Roland Winkler, 2011. "Fiscal Calculus in a New Keynesian Model with Labor Market Frictions," MNB Working Papers 2011/5, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal policy; Labour markets;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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