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Demografia, Mercado de Trabajo y Tecnologia. El patron de crecimiento de Catalunya, 1978-2018

Author

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  • Mónica Correa López
  • Ana Cristina Mingorance

Abstract

En los ultimos treinta anos, el patron de crecimiento de la economia catalana se ha desarrollado, alternativamente, de acuerdo a dos modelos claramente diferenciados. Durante el periodo 1981-1992 el crecimiento del producto potencial per capita se apoyo, fundamentalmente, en las ganancias de productividad de la mano de obra, consecuencia estas del fuerte aumento de la eficiencia tecnologica. A continuacion, y durante el periodo 1993-2008, el crecimiento del producto potencial per capita catalan se debio a la evolucion favorable de los factores demograficos y del mercado laboral, en concreto a la fuerte expansion en la utilizacion del factor trabajo, al tiempo que el crecimiento de la productividad se desacelero considerablemente. A medio plazo, la economia catalana podria recuperar una tasa de crecimiento del producto potencial en torno al 2,2% apoyada, de nuevo, en ganancias de productividad. Sin embargo este patron de crecimiento sera factible unicamente si la economia catalana se embarca en un proceso de convergencia y cierre de la brecha tecnologica que mantiene con la de otros paises.

Suggested Citation

  • Mónica Correa López & Ana Cristina Mingorance, 2010. "Demografia, Mercado de Trabajo y Tecnologia. El patron de crecimiento de Catalunya, 1978-2018," Working Papers 1004, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:bbv:wpaper:1004
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    Keywords

    Convergencia regiona; Productividad total de los factores; Crecimiento potencial;

    JEL classification:

    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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