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Portugal and the European Convention


  • Francisco Torres

    () (Departamento de Economia, Gestão e Engenharia Industrial, Universidade de Aveiro)

  • Ana Fraga

    (Law Department, European University Institute)


A constant feature of the politics of European integration in Portugal has been the reactive position of negotiators supported by reactive political parties that resist any substantial institutional changes until policy makers at the top political level decide to adapt to the new rules. The fear of being left out of the political core of European integration is sufficient to silence the voicing of the customary resistance to change. Throughout the convention, public opinion was either receptive or indifferent to most proposed changes (and in any case not well informed), helping the politicians at the top to accept them all after a period of fierce resistance to any major institutional changes.

Suggested Citation

  • Francisco Torres & Ana Fraga, 2004. "Portugal and the European Convention," Working Papers de Economia (Economics Working Papers) 18, Departamento de Economia, Gestão e Engenharia Industrial, Universidade de Aveiro.
  • Handle: RePEc:ave:wpaper:182004

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    Portugal; European convention; political reactive adaptation; public debate; undefined integration model;

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