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Unemployment transitions and the role of minimum wage: from pre-crisis to crisis and recovery

Author

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  • Eirini Andriopoulou
  • Alexandros Karakitsios

    (Athens University of Economics and Business)

Abstract

During the last decade, unemployment in Greece climbed up to 28%, almost quadrupling due to the economic crisis that hit Greece. In the present paper,we examine the determinants of the unemployment dynamics and the impact of the minimum wage on the probability of making a transition into and outof unemployment. We use micro-level data from the Greek Labour Force Survey for the period 2004-2019 and control for several demographic factors,macro-economic conditions, regional differences and changes in statutory minimum wage. The results suggest that individual-level characteristics play animportant role in making a transition into or out of unemployment. Changes in the real minimum wage are estimated to have either a statisticallyinsignificant or a very small impact on unemployment entries and exits. Further, the impact of economy's growth rate follows the theoretical predictionsas higher growth rates increase unemployment outflows and decrease inflows, while the regional differences are also important. Our findings persist evenwhen we split the sample in three periods (pre-crisis, crisis, recovery). The results have important policy implications. Given that the disemploymenteffect of the minimum wage seems to be very limited in the Greek labour market, while the socioeconomic characteristics and regional characteristicsplay an important role, improving the skills of individuals through the educational system and reskilling or up-skilling programs, while targeting specificregions, may facilitate labour market mobility.

Suggested Citation

  • Eirini Andriopoulou & Alexandros Karakitsios, 2021. "Unemployment transitions and the role of minimum wage: from pre-crisis to crisis and recovery," DEOS Working Papers 2116, Athens University of Economics and Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:aue:wpaper:2116
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    1. Bechlioulis, Alexandros & Chletsos, Michael, 2021. "The differentiated effects of minimum wage reforms on unemployment Evidence from the Greek labor market," MPRA Paper 109327, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    minimum wage; unemployment transitions; labour mobility; Greek crisis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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