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Estudos de cen\'arios de implanta\c{c}\~ao de um imposto ambiental no transporte a\'ereo no Brasil


  • Carolina B. Resende
  • Alessandro V. M. Oliveira


In recent years, the topic of global warming and greenhouse gas emissions has been increasingly in the media. This theme has raised various flags, showing concern for the future and seeking alternatives for a more sustainable life over the years. When studying greenhouse gas emissions, one of the main emitters of such gases is the burning of fuels, in which transport vehicles that depend on gas and oil are included. In this respect, air transport through aircraft is one of the sources emitting such gases. Aiming to reduce gas emissions, one of the ways to do this is by reducing fuel consumption; for this, aircraft would have to be more efficient, or the offer and demand for flights would be reduced. However, what if aircraft fuel consumption were taxed? What would be the effects of this on air transport? Could this be one of the alternatives to reduce emissions? To understand this relationship between taxation and a possible reduction in fuel consumption, a study was developed by the Aeronautics Institute of Technology (ITA), using an econometric model to understand how demand would be affected by changes in airfares. In addition, a simulation of possible environmental taxes on the values of air tickets was carried out to analyze the demand response and to get an idea if this taxation would really solve the emission problems.

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  • Carolina B. Resende & Alessandro V. M. Oliveira, 2024. "Estudos de cen\'arios de implanta\c{c}\~ao de um imposto ambiental no transporte a\'ereo no Brasil," Papers 2402.12404,
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:2402.12404

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