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Signal processing with Levy information

  • Dorje C. Brody
  • Lane P. Hughston
  • Xun Yang
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    Levy processes, which have stationary independent increments, are ideal for modelling the various types of noise that can arise in communication channels. If a Levy process admits exponential moments, then there exists a parametric family of measure changes called Esscher transformations. If the parameter is replaced with an independent random variable, the true value of which represents a "message", then under the transformed measure the original Levy process takes on the character of an "information process". In this paper we develop a theory of such Levy information processes. The underlying Levy process, which we call the fiducial process, represents the "noise type". Each such noise type is capable of carrying a message of a certain specification. A number of examples are worked out in detail, including information processes of the Brownian, Poisson, gamma, variance gamma, negative binomial, inverse Gaussian, and normal inverse Gaussian type. Although in general there is no additive decomposition of information into signal and noise, one is led nevertheless for each noise type to a well-defined scheme for signal detection and enhancement relevant to a variety of practical situations.

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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1207.4028
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    Paper provided by arXiv.org in its series Papers with number 1207.4028.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2012
    Date of revision: Sep 2012
    Publication status: Published in Proc. R. Soc. London A 469, 20120433 (2013)
    Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1207.4028
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://arxiv.org/

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