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About the non-random Content of Financial Markets


  • Laurent Schoeffel

    (CEA Saclay)


For the pedestrian observer, financial markets look completely random with erratic and uncontrollable behavior. To a large extend, this is correct. At first approximation the difference between real price changes and the random walk model is too small to be detected using traditional time series analysis. However, we show in the following that this difference between real financial time series and random walks, as small as it is, is detectable using modern statistical multivariate analysis, with several triggers encoded in trading systems. This kind of analysis are based on methods widely used in nuclear physics, with large samples of data and advanced statistical inference. Considering the movements of the Euro future contract at high frequency, we show that a part of the non-random content of this series can be inferred, namely the trend-following content depending on volatility ranges. Of course, this is not a general proof of statistical inference, as we focus on one particular example and the generality of the process can not be claimed. Therefore, we produce other examples on a completely different markets, largely uncorrelated to the Euro future, namely the DAX and Cacao future contracts. The same procedure is followed using a trading system, based on the same ingredients. We show that similar results can be obtained and we conclude that this is an evidence that some invariants, as encoded in our system, have been identified. They provide a kind of quantification of the non-random content of the financial markets explored over a 10 years period of time.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurent Schoeffel, 2011. "About the non-random Content of Financial Markets," Papers 1108.3155,, revised Aug 2011.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1108.3155

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