IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/arx/papers/1002.4641.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Sensitivity of the Performance of a Simple Exchange Model to its Topology

Author

Listed:
  • Vitus J. Leung
  • Randall A. LaViolette

Abstract

We study a simple exchange model in which price is fixed and the amount of a good transferred between actors depends only on the actors' respective budgets and the existence of a link between transacting actors. The model induces a simply-connected but possibly multi-component bipartite graph. A trading session on a fixed graph consists of a sequence of exchanges between connected buyers and sellers until no more exchanges are possible. We deem a trading session "feasible" if all of the buyers satisfy their respective demands. If all trading sessions are feasible the graph is deemed "successful", otherwise the feasibility of a trading session depends on the order of the sequence of exchanges. We demonstrate that topology is important for the success of trading sessions on graphs. In particular, for the case that supply equals demand for each component of the graph, we prove that the graph is successful if and only if the graph consists of components each of which are complete bipartite. For the case that supply exceeds demand, we prove that the other topologies also can be made successful but with finite reserve (i.e., excess supply) requirements that may grow proportional to the number of buyers. Finally, with computations for a small instance of the model, we provide an example of the wide range of performance in which only the connectivity varies. These results taken together place limits on the improvements in performance that can be expected from proposals to increase the connectivity of sparse exchange networks.

Suggested Citation

  • Vitus J. Leung & Randall A. LaViolette, 2010. "Sensitivity of the Performance of a Simple Exchange Model to its Topology," Papers 1002.4641, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1002.4641
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1002.4641
    File Function: Latest version
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1002.4641. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (arXiv administrators). General contact details of provider: http://arxiv.org/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.