IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The effect of errors in the text produced so far. Strategy decisions based on error span, input mode, and lexicality


  • LEIJTEN, Mariëlle
  • DE RIDDER, Isabelle
  • RANSDELL, Sarah
  • VAN WAES, Luuk


Error analysis involves detecting, diagnosing and correcting discrepancies between the text produced so far (TPSF) and the writers mental representation of what the text should be. While many factors determine the choice of strategy, cognitive effort is a major contributor to this choice. This research shows how cognitive effort during error analysis affects strategy choice and success as measured by a series of online text production measures. Text production is shown to be influenced most by error span, i.e. whether or not the error spans more or less than two characters. Next, it is influenced by input mode, that is whether or not the error has been generated by speech recognition or keyboard, and finally by lexicality, i.e. whether or not the error comprises an existing word. Correction of larger error spans are corrected more successful smaller errors. Writers impose a wise speed accuracy tradeoff during large error spans since correction is better, but preparation times and production times take longer, and interference reaction times are slower. During large error spans, there is a tendency to opt for error correction first, especially when errors occurred in the condition in which the TPSF is not preceded by speech. In general the addition of speech frees the cognitive demands of writing: shorter preparation and reaction times. Writers also opt more often to continue text production when the TPSF is presented auditory first.

Suggested Citation

  • LEIJTEN, Mariëlle & DE RIDDER, Isabelle & RANSDELL, Sarah & VAN WAES, Luuk, 2007. "The effect of errors in the text produced so far. Strategy decisions based on error span, input mode, and lexicality," Working Papers 2007009, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ant:wpaper:2007009

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ant:wpaper:2007009. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joeri Nys). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.