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O Estigma Da Perda DeUm Emprego Formal No Brasil

  • Miguel N. Foguel
  • Carlos Henrique L. Corseuil
  • Rodrigo F. Dias
  • DanielD. Santos

O objetivo deste texto é investigar se o mercado de trabalho estigmatiza trabalhadores que foram demitidos em comparação com os que perderam o emprego devido ao fechamento do estabelecimento em que trabalhavam. Usando dados da Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (Rais), do Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego (MTE), sobre trabalhadores formais, concluiu-se que ser demitido reduz significativamente as chances de um trabalhador encontrar novo emprego formal e que, mesmo quando isso ocorre, seu salário inicial é cerca de 10% menor do que o observado entre aqueles que perderam o emprego devido ao fechamento do estabelecimento. Os resultados são robustos para diferentes estratégias de estimação e grupos de variáveis de controle nas regressões. We investigate if the labor market stigmatizes fired workers, by comparing their trajectories with individuals who lost their jobs after the establishments they used to work closed down. Using RAIS data for formal workers, we find that being fired significantly reduces the chances of finding a new formal job, and even when the individual succeed in doing so, he/she receives an initial wage 10% lower than his/her counterpart from a closed establishment. These results are robust to different estimation methods and sets of controls in the regressions.

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Paper provided by ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics] in its series Anais do XXXVII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 37th Brazilian Economics Meeting] with number 231.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:anp:en2009:231
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  1. Gibbons, Robert & Katz, Lawrence F., 1991. "Layoffs and Lemons," Scholarly Articles 3442782, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  2. Harry Krashinsky, 2002. "Evidence on adverse selection and establishment size in the labor market," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 56(1), pages 84-96, October.
  3. Song, Younghwan, 2007. "Recall bias in the displaced workers survey: Are layoffs really lemons?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 335-345, June.
  4. Nuria Rodriguez-Planas, 2003. "Signaling in The Labor Market: New Evidence On Layoffs, and Plant Closings," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 2003-610, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  5. Stevens, Ann Huff, 1997. "Persistent Effects of Job Displacement: The Importance of Multiple Job Losses," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(1), pages 165-88, January.
  6. Grund, Christian, 1999. "Stigma effects of layoffs?: Evidence from German micro-data," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 241-247, August.
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