O Estigma Da Perda DeUm Emprego Formal No Brasil
O objetivo deste texto é investigar se o mercado de trabalho estigmatiza trabalhadores que foram demitidos em comparação com os que perderam o emprego devido ao fechamento do estabelecimento em que trabalhavam. Usando dados da Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (Rais), do Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego (MTE), sobre trabalhadores formais, concluiu-se que ser demitido reduz significativamente as chances de um trabalhador encontrar novo emprego formal e que, mesmo quando isso ocorre, seu salário inicial é cerca de 10% menor do que o observado entre aqueles que perderam o emprego devido ao fechamento do estabelecimento. Os resultados são robustos para diferentes estratégias de estimação e grupos de variáveis de controle nas regressões. We investigate if the labor market stigmatizes fired workers, by comparing their trajectories with individuals who lost their jobs after the establishments they used to work closed down. Using RAIS data for formal workers, we find that being fired significantly reduces the chances of finding a new formal job, and even when the individual succeed in doing so, he/she receives an initial wage 10% lower than his/her counterpart from a closed establishment. These results are robust to different estimation methods and sets of controls in the regressions.
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