Custos das mortes por causa externas no Brasil
Violence in Brazil is well known to be one of the biggest problems nowadays affecting the society. This problem incurs in several economic costs, in addition to all kinds of immeasurable costs due to life losses. For the economic costs, we can mention, for example, medical treatment costs, police maintenance costs, production costs. In this paper, we focus in the latest cost type, and we present a methodology to estimate the production loss due to deaths from external causes in Brazil, using government databases on wages and registered obits. To combine different sources of data, we initially employed non-parametric regression methods too estimated average curves of annual wages. These curves are then used to estimate the production loss for specific categories of registered obits. The analysis is complemented by adjustments for survival rates in the Brazilian population. For 2001, the total estimated cost, due to external causes, was US$ 10 billion. Homicides alone accounted for US$ 4.5 billion, while transportation accidents accounted for U$ 2.6 billion and suicides incurred in a total loss of US$ 0.6 billion. We also estimated the total loss in terms of life expectancy: the total number was almost 5 million years, only for the victims in 2001.
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|Date of creation:||2008|
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