Capital Humano, Progresso Técnico E Crescimento Econômico: Um Reexame Empírico Das Abordagens De Acumulação, Inovação E Difusão Tecnológica
The aim of this paper is to empirically investigate the impact of human capital on economic growth according to Nelson-Phelps (1966), Lucas (1988) and Romer (1986;1990) approachs. The Lucas approach and shared by neo-classical growth theory, assumes that growth is driven by the accumulation of human capital. It treats human capital like an ordinary input in the production function generating increasing returns of scale.Nelson and Phelps approach relates growth to the stock of human capital which affects a country´s ability to innovate and catch up which more advanced countries. According to Romer, human capital may directly influence productivity by determining the capacity of nations to innovate new technologies suited to domestic production. The analysis is performed on a panel of the 68 countries with differents levels of economic development and it was made separately to groups of countries classified by the World Bank like rich, medium income and poor countries. We use the stochastic production frontier analysis and the Malmqüist Index to separate the effects caused by gains in technological progress (displacement of the frontier) from the effects produced by enhanced efficiency (catching up with the frontier). The results obtained show that human capital factor contribute to the economic growth in differents ways like these ones above- mentioned.
|Date of creation:||2005|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Secretaria da ANPEC Rua Prof Marcos Valdemar de Freitas Reis s/n Campus do Gragoatá Bloco F Niterói, RJ 24210-201 Brazil|
Phone: 55 21 3674 7952
Web page: http://www.anpec.org.br
More information through EDIRC
|Order Information:|| Postal: Secretaria da ANPEC Rua Prof Marcos Valdemar de Freitas Reis s/n Campus do Gragoatá Bloco F Niterói, RJ 24210-201 Brazil|
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:anp:en2005:061. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rodrigo Zadra Armond)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.