Regolamentazione delle Innovazioni Biotecnologiche in Agricoltura e Accordi Multilaterali: Conflitti, Negoziazione e Innovazione Istituzionale
This paper deals with the policy and regulatory options currently adopted for managing the main issues raised by the recent large diffusion of the genetically modified crops. A first aim is to analyse in depth which are these policy options and which is the rationale behind them. Though many different national approaches can be observed worldwide, USA and UE are the most relevant and cited cases of alternative (strongly permissive vs. strongly preventive) regulatory frameworks. In particular, the paper stresses the main explanations and implications of this USAvs.UE controversy also in terms of international negotiations. The paper focuses in particular on the WTO negotiations and the conflicts emerged in this context with respect to the GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) trade; attention is paid to illustrate to what extent the current WTO agreements can eventually admit both national precautionary regulations and international free trade for GMOs.
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