IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

The Decline in Intergenerational Mobility in Post-Socialist Bulgaria

Listed author(s):
  • Tom Hertz
  • Mieke Meurs


    (Department of Economics, American University)

  • Sibel Selcuk

Economists studying developing and transition economies have recently drawn attention to the problem of intergenerational immobility, or the high rate of transmission of inequality from parent to child (World Bank 2005). One readily estimable measure of this intergenerational persistence of economic status is the degree of association between the educational attainment of parents and children. This paper documents that the strength of this association has doubled in Bulgaria since the end of socialism, particularly between 1995 and 2001. For children of lesswell-educated parents, this has corresponded to an absolute decline in average educational attainment. These changes, which imply a steep decline in intergenerational social mobility, relate to children educated during a period of economic depression and of significant reductions in public spending on education, which led to school closures and shortages of materials, along with increases in out-of-pocket costs and distances to school. On the demand side, interview evidence suggests that the rise in unemployment among those with secondary education has lowered the expected benefits of schooling. We conclude that changing educational policies and priorities, along with depressed economic conditions, have had an important negative effect on equality of educational opportunity.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
File Function: First version, 2007
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by American University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2007-14.

in new window

Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: May 2007
Handle: RePEc:amu:wpaper:1407
Contact details of provider: Web page:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:amu:wpaper:1407. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Meal)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.