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Near-Future Expectations, Intertemporal Substitution, and Business Cycles

Author

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  • Toshiya Ishikawa

    (Kyushu Kyoritsu University)

Abstract

This paper incorporates expectations of near-future business cycles in a real business cycle model. The model has random walk technology shocks and endogenous fluctuations in labor effort. Perfect foresight is assumed, that is, economic agents can foresee near-future technology shocks before they occur. Major findings are as follows. (1) When positive (or negative) technology shocks are expected in the near future, intertemporal substitution behavior leads to recessions (or expansions) at present. (2) A smaller size of technology shocks can generate the realistic volatility of business cycles when they can be forecast than otherwise. (3) Most part of fluctuations in the Solow residual are explained by variations in labor effort, and not by technology shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Toshiya Ishikawa, 2001. "Near-Future Expectations, Intertemporal Substitution, and Business Cycles," CeNDEF Workshop Papers, January 2001 4B.3, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Center for Nonlinear Dynamics in Economics and Finance.
  • Handle: RePEc:ams:cdws01:4b.3
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Expectations; Intertemporal substitution; Random walk;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations

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