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The Formative Political Economy of the Central Arizona Groundwater Replenishment District


  • Shipman, Taylor D.
  • Wilson, Paul N.


In 1995 Arizona implemented a set of rules designed to require new development to use “renewable” (non-groundwater) water supplies. Many of the key provisions of the rules were developed by the regulated community itself, including the creation of a legal mechanism—known as the Central Arizona Groundwater Replenishment District—designed to aid compliance with the rules. The District enables developers to pay a small fee to pass the burden of acquiring renewable water supplies for their proposed development to the District. Over the last 15 years, the District has amassed a considerable debt obligation to acquire renewable water supplies on behalf of its thousands of member communities, creating a yet-undefined future water supply acquisition cost for an estimated 200,000 homeowners in central Arizona. This research explores the political economy behind the creation of the District and characterizes its formation using a Nash model of cooperative negotiation with bargaining power.

Suggested Citation

  • Shipman, Taylor D. & Wilson, Paul N., 2014. "The Formative Political Economy of the Central Arizona Groundwater Replenishment District," Working Papers 197555, University of Arizona, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:usazwp:197555
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.197555

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    Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

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