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Changes In Agricultural Markets In Transition Economies


  • Liefert, William M.
  • Swinnen, Johan F.M.


Economic reform in the transition economies of the former Soviet bloc has transformed the volume and mix of these economies' agricultural production, consumption, and trade. Output drops in most countries have ranged from 25 to 50 percent. The livestock sector has been hit particularly hard, all but eliminating U.S. grain exports to the region. This report concludes that the output decline has been an inevitable part of market reform and that the main goal of agricultural policy in the transition economies should not be to return output to pre-reform levels but to increase the productivity of input use. Although reform has created a food security problem in some countries, the cause of the problem is not insufficient food supplies, but rather inadequate access to food by segments of the population and regions within countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Liefert, William M. & Swinnen, Johan F.M., 2002. "Changes In Agricultural Markets In Transition Economies," Agricultural Economics Reports 33945, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uerser:33945

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    Cited by:

    1. Kym Anderson & Johan Swinnen, 2008. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Europe's Transition Economies," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6502.
    2. Vesna Paraušić & Branko Mihailović & Vladana Hamović, 2010. "Imperfect Competition In The Primary Agricultural Commodity Market In Serbia," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, vol. 55(184), pages 113-150, January –.
    3. Bezlepkina, Irina V. & Huirne, Ruud B.M. & Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M. & Oskam, Arie J., 2005. "Analysing Variation in Russian Dairy Farms, 1990-2001," 94th Seminar, April 9-10, 2005, Ashford, UK 24444, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Nomman Ahmed, Mirza & Maas, Sarah & Schmitz, P. Michael, 2010. "Analysing agricultural productivity growth in a framework of institutional quality," IAMO Forum 2010: Institutions in Transition – Challenges for New Modes of Governance 52695, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO).
    5. Paraušić, Vesna & Cvijanović, Janko & Mihailović, Branko, 2013. "Market Analysis Of Clusters In Serbian Agribusiness," Economics of Agriculture, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 60(4), pages 1-16, December.
    6. Wehrheim, Peter & Wiesmann, Doris M., 2006. "Food Security Analysis and Policies for Transition Countries," eJADE: electronic Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics, Food and Agriculture Organization, Agricultural and Development Economics Division, vol. 3(2), pages 1-32.
    7. Monasterolo, Irene, 2012. "Analysing the effect of the EU membership on agricultural and rural areas: the case of Hungary," Rural Areas and Development, European Rural Development Network (ERDN), vol. 9, pages 1-21.
    8. Osborne, Stefan & Liefert, William M., 2001. "Price and Exchange Rate Transmission in Russian Food Markets," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20576, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    9. Rada, Nicholas & Liefert, William & Liefert, Olga, 2017. "Productivity Growth and the Revival of Russian Agriculture," Economic Research Report 256716, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    10. A. Tonini, 2012. "A Bayesian stochastic frontier: an application to agricultural productivity growth in European countries," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 45(4), pages 247-269, November.
    11. Ciaian, Pavel & Swinnen, Johan F.M., 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Central and Eastern Europe," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48385, World Bank.
    12. Raushan Bokusheva & Heinrich Hockmann, 2006. "Production risk and technical inefficiency in Russian agriculture," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 33(1), pages 93-118, March.
    13. Bezlepkina Irina, 2003. "Production Performance in Russian Regions: Farm Level Analysis," EERC Working Paper Series 01-034e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
    14. Irina Bezlepkina & Arie Oskam & Alfons Oude Lansink & Ruud Huirne, 2004. "Development and performance of Russian agricultural enterprises, 1990-2001," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(4), pages 439-457.
    15. Yingyi Qian & Gerard Roland & Chenggang Xu, 2003. "Coordinating Tasks in M-Form and U-Form Organisations," STICERD - Theoretical Economics Paper Series 458, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
    16. Liefert, William M. & Lohmar, Bryan & Serova, Eugenia, 2003. "Transition And Food Consumption," 2003 Annual Meeting, August 16-22, 2003, Durban, South Africa 25844, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    17. Bezlepkina, Irina V. & Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M., 2003. "Liquidity And Productivity In Russian Agriculture: Farm-Data Evidence," 2003 Annual Meeting, August 16-22, 2003, Durban, South Africa 25824, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    18. ROZELLE, Scott & SWINNEN, Johan F.M., 2009. "Why did the communist party reform in China, but not in the Soviet Union? The political economy of agricultural transition," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 275-287, June.
    19. Gonzalez Corzo, Mario, 2013. "Los efectos de las transformaciones agrícolas en los antiguos países socialistas: Algunas consideraciones para Cuba
      [The effects of agricultural transformations in former socialist countries: Some
      ," MPRA Paper 60458, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Peter Wehrheim & Doris Wiesmann, 2006. "Food security analysis and policies for transition countries," The Electronic Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, vol. 3(2), pages 112-143.
    21. Scott Rozelle & Johan F.M. Swinnen, 2004. "Success and Failure of Reform: Insights from the Transition of Agriculture," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 42(2), pages 404-456, June.
    22. Liefert, William M. & Persuad, Suresh, 2009. "The Transmission of Exchange Rate Changes to Agricultural Prices," Economic Research Report 55942, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    23. Liefert, William M. & Liefert, Olga, 2007. "Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Russia," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48386, World Bank.
    24. Liefert, William M. & Serova, Eugenia & Liefert, Olga, 2009. "The Big Players of the Former Soviet Union and World Agriculture: Issues and Outlook," 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China 53209, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

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