IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/sbrfsr/133326.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Uma Análise De Causalidade Entre Saúde E Pobreza No Brasil Para O Período De 1981-2005

Author

Listed:
  • Tejada, Cesar Augusto Oviedo
  • Jacinto, Paulo De Andrade
  • Santos, Anderson Moreira Aristides Dos

Abstract

Diversos trabalhos evidenciam que países pobres apresentam população com saúde precária. E a relação entre saúde e pobreza é tratada, na literatura, como sendo possivelmente bi-causal, uma vez que um baixo nível de renda causaria saúde precária, e essa por sua vez, tenderia a causar um baixo nível de renda. Assim, existiria um círculo vicioso, constituindo a chamada armadilha saúde-pobreza. No Brasil, de 1981 a 2005, houve uma redução de 10,16% na proporção de pobres, e de 73,70% na taxa de mortalidade na infância, considerando dados do IPEADATA e DATASUS. Com base nessas considerações, o objetivo do presente trabalho é analisar a existência de causalidade entre alguns indicadores de pobreza e saúde. É utilizada uma extensão do teste de causalidade Granger para dados em painel, utilizando-se os estados do Brasil, no período de 1981-2005. Espera-se que o presente trabalho contribua ao melhor entendimento da relação entre essas duas variáveis, de tal forma que oriente a formulação de políticas públicas que objetivem a melhora do bem-estar da população. Os principais resultados mostram uma relação bi-causal entre saúde e pobreza.------------------------ Many works evidence that poor countries present population with poor health. And the relation between health and poverty is treated, in literature, as being possibly bi-causal, since a low income level would cause a poor health, and this one would tend to cause a low income level. Thus, a vicious circle would exist, constituting the so calling trap health-poverty. In Brazil, from 1981 to 2005, there was a reduction of 10,16% in the poverty, and 73,70% in the child mortality rate, considering the data of IPEADATA and DATASUS. Basing in these considerations, the objective of the present paper is to analyze the causality existence among some poverty and health indicators. An extension of the Granger causality test for panel data is used, using the states of Brazil, from the period of 1981-2005. It hopes that the present paper contributes for a better understanding of the relation between these two variables, in a way that will guide the formularization of public policies that objectify the improvement of welfare of the population. The results indicate the existence of bi-causal relationship between health and poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Tejada, Cesar Augusto Oviedo & Jacinto, Paulo De Andrade & Santos, Anderson Moreira Aristides Dos, 2008. "Uma Análise De Causalidade Entre Saúde E Pobreza No Brasil Para O Período De 1981-2005," 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil 133326, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:133326
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/133326
    Download Restriction: no

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:133326. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/soberea.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.