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Uma Análise Da Elasticidade-Renda De Proteína Animal No Brasil

Author

Listed:
  • Carvalho, Thiago Bernardino de
  • Zen, Sergio de
  • Raimundo, Livia Maria Borges
  • Beduschi, Gustavo
  • Rodrigues, Regina Mazzini

Abstract

O Brasil possui um mercado interno potencial para o consumo de alimentos, principalmente para as proteínas animais. A carne, o leite e ovo já fazem parte da alimentação dos brasileiros e sua demanda está ligada a vários fatores, como preços, qualidade, aspectos nutricionais, preferência, gosto e, principalmente, a restrição orçamentária, ou seja, a renda. Junta-se a isso a proteína pescado, que mesmo sendo um alimento muito saudável, não tem um hábito de consumo consolidado no país. A fim de determinar o quanto a renda impacta o consumo de proteína animal, buscou-se neste trabalho estimar as elasticidades-renda da demanda de proteína, no Brasil e suas regiões. As elasticidades foram obtidas por meio do ajustamento de uma poligonal com três segmentos. Os coeficientes de elasticidade-renda do dispêndio, calculados para as carnes de forma geral, foram sempre menores do que 1, sendo a carne bovina, responsável pelos valores extremos: a de primeira, próxima de 1 e a de segunda, próxima de zero. Para a carne suína, o coeficiente só foi menor que a bovina de primeira, e o coeficiente de pescado somente superior ao da bovina de segunda. Para o leite, ovos e frango, os coeficientes foram intermediários.---------------------------------------------Brazil has a potential domestic market for food consumption, mainly for the animal proteins. The meat, the milk and egg are already a part of the Brazilian eating habit and its demand is connected to several factors, like prices, quality, nutritional aspects, preferences, taste and, mainly, the budget restriction, that is, the income. For the protein fish, that same being a very healthy food, it doesn't have a consumption habit consolidated at the country. To determine how much the income impacts on the animal protein consumption, this work estimated the income-elasticities of protein demand in Brazil and their areas. The elasticities were obtained by fitting a three-segment polygonal curve. The income elasticities coefficients, calculated for meat, were always below 1, being beef responsible to extreme values: the beef of first quality is near 1 and the beef of second quality, near zero.For the pork meat, the coefficient was only smaller than the beef of first quality, and the fish coefficient only superior to the of the beef of second quality. For the milk, eggs and chicken, the coefficients were intermediate.

Suggested Citation

  • Carvalho, Thiago Bernardino de & Zen, Sergio de & Raimundo, Livia Maria Borges & Beduschi, Gustavo & Rodrigues, Regina Mazzini, 2008. "Uma Análise Da Elasticidade-Renda De Proteína Animal No Brasil," 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil 112718, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:112718
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