IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/sbrfsr/109526.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Os Descompassos Do Programa Nacional De Produção E Uso De Biodiesel (Pnpb) No Nordeste

Author

Listed:
  • Goncalves, Marcos Falcao
  • Evangelista, Francisco Raimundo

Abstract

O Programa Nacional de Produção e Uso do Biodiesel – PNBP é uma resposta brasileira às preocupações mundiais com o esgotamento dos combustíveis fósseis. O Brasil tem papel de destaque no cenário mundial, graças, principalmente, às suas vantagens comparativas, especialmente um amplo território com clima favorável ao cultivo de grande variedade de matérias-primas potenciais para a produção de biocombustíveis e um setor de pesquisa agropecuária avançado. O governo brasileiro resolveu aproveitar essa nova oportunidade de negócios também para a promoção do desenvolvimento rural e a inclusão social. Por isso, elegeu a mamona como principal oleaginosa do Programa, pensando beneficiar especialmente a agricultura familiar da Região Nordeste. Apesar disso, o desempenho do Programa no Nordeste ainda não corresponde às expectativas. Este artigo descreve os problemas enfrentados pelo Programa e investiga brevemente as causas desse fraco desempenho, utilizando a abordagem de agronegócios. Conclui-se que o Programa não está tendo o desempenho esperado por falta de coordenação entre os elos: o segmento industrial avançou rápido demais e não há estímulo – particularmente sob a forma de preços – para o avanço da parte agrícola. Não parece haver o risco de a agricultura patronal (representada pelo agronegócio da soja) se apropriar do Programa. Além disso, há ainda problemas no ambiente organizacional (pesquisas) que limitam a disseminação das culturas alternativas à mamona. ----------------------------------------------The Program of Production and Use of Biodiesel - PNBP is a Brazilian reply to the world-wide concerns with the exhaustion of fossil fuels. Brazil has a prominent role in the world-wide scene, thanks to its comparative advantages, especially a broad territory with a favorable climate to a great variety of potential agricultural raw materials for the biofuel production and an advanced farming research sector. The Brazilian government decided to use this new business opportunity to promoting rural development and social inclusion. Because of this, it chose castor oil plant as the main raw material, aiming to benefit especially the Northeast Region’s familiar agriculture. Although this, the Northeastern Program’s performance not corresponds to the expectations yet. This article describes the problems faced by the Program and briefly investigates the causes of this weak performance, using the agribusiness approach. It concludes that the Program is not having the waited performance due to the lack of coordination between the segments: the industrial segment advanced too fast and there is not incentive - particularly as prices - for the agricultural growth. It does not seems to have the risk of large scale agriculture (represented by the soybean agribusiness) to take over the Program. Moreover, there are problems in the organizational environment (research) that limit the alternative cultures’ dissemination.

Suggested Citation

  • Goncalves, Marcos Falcao & Evangelista, Francisco Raimundo, 2008. "Os Descompassos Do Programa Nacional De Produção E Uso De Biodiesel (Pnpb) No Nordeste," 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil 109526, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109526
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109526
    Download Restriction: no

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109526. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/soberea.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.