IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ags/sbrfsr/109455.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Estruturas De Mercado De Fatores E Governança Na Cadeia Produtiva Do Leite: Um Estudo De Caso Do Município De Ajuricaba-Rs

Author

Listed:
  • Breitenbach, Raquel
  • Souza, Renato Santos De

Abstract

A estrutura de mercado de fatores que predominou por muitos anos na cadeia produtiva do leite, nas diferentes regiões do estado do Rio Grande do Sul, foi a de monopsônio, em que apesar de existirem várias empresas processadoras de leite, estas se localizavam de maneira que o agricultor não tinha mais do que uma opção de venda do seu produto. Nos últimos anos, em especial a partir de 2004, tem-se observado um significativo aumento no número de empresas processadoras de laticínio no Norte do estado do RS, concentrando-se em regiões que possuem fortes bacias leiteiras. Esse fato provoca o aumento da concorrência entre estas empresas na aquisição da matéria-prima principal, que é o leite in natura. Identificou-se uma região no município de Ajuricaba – RS, onde, historicamente, apenas uma empresa era responsável pela compra da matéria-prima e, a partir de 2004, várias empresas disputam o leite produzido no local. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar, nesta região, como a concorrência na aquisição da matéria-prima interferiu nas transações entre empresa processadora/agricultor e na governança da cadeia produtiva do leite. Esse estudo se enquadra numa pesquisa qualitativa e utilizou o método do Estudo de Caso. Como instrumentos de pesquisa foram utilizados a revisão de materiais bibliográficos, a observação e a entrevista. A concorrência no local gerou modificações no comportamento dos agentes, aumentaram os custos de transação, caracterizados pela maior freqüência nas transações, pelo aumento da incerteza e do oportunismo. Já a estrutura de governança adotada no ambiente de concorrência, comparada à adotada no ambiente de monopsônio, continuou híbrida, mas ficou mais próxima de uma governança via mercado. Isto porque o preço tornou-se o único fator de decisão do fornecedor em vender sua produção para um ou para outro comprador. Combinado a isso, surgiu a necessidade de renegociação do produto mensalmente, com a elaboração de contratos informais de curto prazo.----------------------------------------------Concerning the milk production chain, the structure of monopsony in the market of factors has its domain for many years in the State of Rio Grande do Sul. It has been verified in the last years especially from 2004 is a significant increase in the amount of the milk processing companies in the North of the State of RS, concentrating in regions which has strong milk basins. This fact provokes the increase of the concurrence between these companies in relation of the acquisition of its main raw material, the in-natura milk. It was identified a region in the town of Ajuricaba-RS, where historically just one company was responsible for the purchase of the raw material and, since 2004, several companies dispute for the milk produced in that location. The objective of the present research was to investigate, in this region, how the concurrence in the acquisition of the raw material interfered in the transactions between processing company and farmer and in its domain in the milk productive chain. Based on the characteristics and in the nature of the investigation, this study is embedded in a research of a qualitative sort and utilizes the Study of Case method. The review of the literature (to compose the theoretical corpus of the study), the observation and the interview (to accomplish the field work) was used as research devices. The concurrence in that location brought changes in the people involved. These changes raised the costs of transaction, characterized by a higher frequency in the transactions, caused by the increase of the uncertainty, of the opportunism and consequently making a more limited rationale. Yet the structure of domain adopted in the concurrence ambient, compared to the one adopted in the monopsony ambient, remain it hybrid, but became closer to a via market management. It is asserted second the observation that the price has became the single factor of decision by the dealer to sell its production to one or another purchaser. Combined to that, a need for a monthly renegotiation of the product occurred, with the elaboration of informal short-term contracts.

Suggested Citation

  • Breitenbach, Raquel & Souza, Renato Santos De, 2008. "Estruturas De Mercado De Fatores E Governança Na Cadeia Produtiva Do Leite: Um Estudo De Caso Do Município De Ajuricaba-Rs," 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil 109455, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109455
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109455
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Guilhoto, J. J. M. & Sesso Filho, U. A., 2005. "Estimação da Matriz Insumo-Produto a Partir De Dados Preliminares das Contas Nacionais
      [Estimation of input-output matrix using preliminary data from national accounts]
      ," MPRA Paper 38212, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2011. "Análise de Insumo-Produto: Teoria e Fundamentos
      [Input-Output Analysis: Theory and Foundations]
      ," MPRA Paper 32566, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109455. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/soberea.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.