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Abertura Comercial: Comparação Entre Simulações De Diferentes Modelos De Equilíbrio Geral Computável

  • Correa, Ludmila Macedo
  • Brandão, Antônio Salazar P.
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    O comércio internacional é marcado pelo elevado nível de protecionismo, contrariando o teorema das vantagens comparativas. A agricultura é o setor mais atingido, devido à existência, além de elevadas tarifas, de outros mecanismos de proteção comercial que fortalecem ainda mais as distorções do comércio internacional. Levando em conta a necessidade dos negociadores e governantes em informações robustas sobre o efeito da liberalização, o presente trabalho apresenta um estudo comparativo entre simulações de liberalização total e parcial utilizando diferentes modelos de equilíbrio geral computável. Com isso, foi possível identificar as convergências e divergências dos resultados, discernindo o que existe de robusto nesse assunto, e quais características dos modelos levam a conclusões distintas.----------------------------------------------International trade is determined by a high level of protectionism, contradicting the theorem of comparative advantage. Agriculture is the most sensible sector, due to, beyond high duties, other trade protection devices that strengthen even more the international trade distortions. Regard traders and government necessities of solid information about liberalization’s effects, in the present work a confrontation between simulations of total and partial liberalization was accomplished, using distinct Computable General Equilibrium model. Herewith, it was possible to identify the convergences and divergences of the results, distinguishing the robustness and characteristics of the models that leads to different conclusions.

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    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 109071.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:109071
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