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Amazônia: Recuperar Áreas Degradadas, Passar Do Discurso Para A Prática

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  • Homma, Alfredo Kingo Oyama
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    A solução dos problemas na Amazônia não são independentes, mas conectada com outras partes do País e do mundo. A redução dos desmatamentos e queimadas na Amazônia depende do desenvolvimento de atividades agrícolas adequadas nas áreas já desmatadas e que tenham mercado, em vez do uso “sustentável” da floresta e de direitos difusos. Nesse sentido, uma política agrícola teria efeitos mais positivos do que uma política ambiental, que não pode ser efetuada de maneira isolada das demais regiões do País, sob risco de transferir contingentes populacionais de outras localidades. Há necessidade de elevar a produtividade das atividades agrícolas na Amazônia, reduzirem a pressão sobre os recursos naturais com risco de esgotamento, incentivar plantios racionais de recursos extrativos potenciais, substituir as importações de produtos tropicais (seringueira, dendê, cacau, etc.), melhorarem as relações de troca dos produtos amazônicos versus produtos importados da Zona Franca de Manaus, efetuar a recuperação das áreas que não deveriam ter sido desmatadas e plena utilização potencial das áreas já desmatadas, entre outras.--------------------------------------------The solution of the problems in the Amazon is not independent, but connected with other parts of Brazil and the world. The reduction of deforestation and fire in the Amazon depends on the development of appropriate agricultural activities in areas already deforested and that they have market, instead of the “sustainable” use of the forest and of diffuse rights. In that sense, an agricultural policy would have more positive effects than an environmental policy, which cannot be made in an isolated way of the other areas of the country, under the risk of transferring population contingents from other places. There is the need to elevate the productivity of the agricultural activities in the Amazon, to reduce the pressure over the natural resources under exhaustion risk, to motivate rational plantings of potential extractive resources, to substitute the imports of tropical products (rubber, oil palm, cocoa, etc.), to improve the exchange relationship of Amazonian products versus those imported from the Manaus Free Zone, promote the reclamation of areas that should not have been deforested and promote the full potential use of the areas already deforested, among others.

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    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108933.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108933
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