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O Comércio Brasileiro De Carnes E A Competitividade Brasileira A Partir Da Década De 90

  • Souza, Luiz Gustavo Antonio De
  • Sereia, Vanderlei Jose
  • Camara, Marcia Regina Gabardo da
  • Pizaia, Marcia Goncalves

O complexo carnes é um dos principais componentes da pauta de exportação brasileira. O objetivo do artigo é analisar a evolução e a competitividade das exportações do complexo carnes brasileiro e os sub-complexos após 1990. Os procedimentos metodológicos envolvem a realização de uma revisão da literatura sobre competitividade e comércio internacional e coleta e tratamento de dados do complexo carnes a partir das bases da FAO, MDIC/SECEX e IBGE, para o cálculo das taxas de crescimento geométrica das exportações do complexo carnes, do índice Herfindahl-Hirschman e a identificação dos fatores de crescimento das exportações do modelo “Constant-Market-Share” no período de estudo. Os resultados permitem inferir o padrão das exportações brasileiras e a competitividade do complexo brasileiro de carnes agregado, de carne bovina, carne de frango, carne suína, carne de eqüinos e carne de perus, entre 1990 e 2005. A existência de competitividade no complexo carnes agregado e nas carnes selecionadas é confirmada a partir da análise dos resultados do modelo CMS dos complexos brasileiros. -------------------------------------------------The meat complex is one of main components of Brazilian exportation. The objective of the research is analyze the evolution and the competitiveness of Brazilian meat complex and sub-complexes after 1990, as well the factors that could determine the Brazilian exportation performance. We used the following methodological procedures: geometric growth ratios with regression, Index Herfindahl-Hirschman and the analysis of exportations growth using “Constant-Market-Share” model, that decomposes the sources of exportations growth in agro-industrial complexes in various components: “world-wide market growth”, “guideline composition of exportation”, “exportation destination” and “competitiveness” and are capable to express the behavior and standard of the exportations in studied period. The results of model CMS allow to infer the existence of high competitiveness in the Brazilian complexes, responsible to found raised market-share in segments of period.

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Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108932.

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Date of creation: Jul 2008
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Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108932
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