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Experimentação Em Sistemas Agroflorestais: O Caso Da Agricultura Familiar Do Alto Jequitinhonha

  • Noronha, Alini Fernanda Bicalho
  • Ribeiro, Eduardo Magalhaes
  • Ayres, Eduardo Barbosa
  • Chiodi, Rafael Eduardo
  • Freitas, Camila Silva
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    O sistema agroflorestal (SAF) é uma técnica de produção agrícola que combina espécies arbóreas lenhosas (frutíferas e/ou madeireiras) com cultivos temporários, de ciclo anual. Os SAFs têm a capacidade de, ao longo do tempo, tornar produtivas áreas degradadas. Tem-se então uma importante ferramenta, apropriada para agricultores familiares, como base para programas públicos de combate à pobreza rural, segurança alimentar, conservação de recursos naturais e educação ambiental. Na região do Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha a prática do SAF foi proposta pelo Centro de Agricultura Alternativa Vicente Nica, CAV, buscando a recuperação das áreas intensamente exploradas e degradadas, conhecidas no local como peladores, a fim de reconvertê-las em áreas produtivas. O trabalho com o SAF permitiu a construção de espaços de capacitação de lavradores, de organização comunitária, de reflexão conjunta de novos projetos. Os processos de produção e adaptação de inovações, como o caso do SAF, podem crescer e ganhar eficiência e abrangência, sendo intensificados e enriquecidos pelo apoio do poder público ou por processos de aprendizagem coletiva e/ou de organização, favorecendo o diálogo, o intercâmbio e a socialização das experiências e do conhecimento de agricultores e técnicos.----------------------------------The agroflorestal system (SAF) is a technique of agricultural production which combine woody tree species (fruit and / or timber) with cultures temporary, annual cycle. The SAFs have the ability to, over its management, making productive degraded areas by improving their productive use and ecological. It is then an important tool, appropriate for family farmers, as a basis for public programs to combat rural poverty, food security, conservation of natural resources and environmental education.In the region of the Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha the practice of SAF was proposed by the Centre for Alternative Agriculture Vicente Nica, CAV, seeking the recovery of the areas intensively exploited and degraded, at the place known as peladores, to reconvertê them into productive areas. The work with the SAF has built up spaces, training of farmers, community organization, for consideration of new joint projects. The processes of production and adaptation of innovations, such as the case of the SAF, can grow and gain efficiency and coverage, and enhanced and enriched by the support of the public or by processes of collective learning and / or organization, promoting dialogue, exchanges and socialization experiences and knowledge of farmers and technicians.

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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/108606
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    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108606.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108606
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.sober.org.br/
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