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Análise da Evolução e da Estrutura da Siderurgia Brasileira e do Uso de Carvão Vegetal no período de 1980 a 2006

  • Carvalho, Thais Hortense De
  • Bacha, Carlos Jose Caetano
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    O presente trabalho analisa a evolução e estrutura da siderurgia brasileira e do uso do carvão vegetal no período de 1980 a 2006. Os objetivos específicos são: 1) analisar a evolução da produção, consumo, exportação e importação dos principais produtos elaborados por esta indústria, separando os que usam carvão vegetal e os que usam carvão mineral; e 2) caracterizar a estrutura da indústria (número de produtores, número de consumidores, tipos de produtos selecionados, entre outras variáveis). Em relação ao primeiro objetivo deste trabalho, evolução da indústria siderúrgica, contatou-se que o Brasil vem aumentando sua capacidade produtiva e sua inserção no mercado internacional. Quanto ao segundo objetivo específico deste trabalho, estrutura da indústria, observou-se a presença de 28 usinas, integradas ou semi-integradas, distribuídas em 10 estados brasileiros e controladas por 10 grupos empresariais. Ainda vale salientar a concentração da produção nacional de aço bruto no Sudeste e a crescente concentração da produção em poucos grupos, seguindo uma tendência mundial de fusões e aquisições no setor. No entanto, não se observa grande diferença de poder de mercado entre os grupos siderúrgicos.------------------------------The present paper analyses the evolution and structure of Brazilian Steel Industry and the use of charcoal in time period from 1980 to 2006. The specific objectives are: 1) analyze the evolution of production, consumption, exports, and imports of main product of this industry, separating the products that are made of charcoal and the ones made of coal; and 2) describe the industry structure (number of producers, number of consumers, types of selected products, and another variables). In relation to the first specific objective of this paper, steel industry evolution, Brazil is increasing its productive capacity and its insertion in the international market. Concerning to the second specific objective of this work, industry structure, Brazil has 28 steel mills, integrated or semi-integrated, distributed in 10 Brazilian states and controlled by 10 business groups. In addition to, it is possible to observe the concentration of steel domestic production in southeast and the crescent concentration of the sector, following the word tendency of merges and acquisitions in this sector. However, there is no evidence about big difference of market share among among steel industry groups.

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    Paper provided by Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER) in its series 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil with number 108568.

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    Date of creation: Jul 2008
    Handle: RePEc:ags:sbrfsr:108568
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