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How Much Financial Information is in the Historical Cost and Market Valued Balance Sheets?


  • Kropp, Jaclyn D.
  • Moss, Charles B.


Financial accounting has emphasized the historical cost approach because of its objectivity. Yet in the event of bankruptcy and liquidation, assets will be liquidated at their market values. In this paper, we compare the probability of insolvency computed using market values to the probability of insolvency computed using historical costs. We find that the historical value based computation has the potential to both understand and overstate the true probability of insolvency. The disparity between the historical value based computation and the market value based computations depends on the degree of leverage and the age of the assets.

Suggested Citation

  • Kropp, Jaclyn D. & Moss, Charles B., 2013. "How Much Financial Information is in the Historical Cost and Market Valued Balance Sheets?," 2013 Annual Meeting, February 2-5, 2013, Orlando, Florida 143077, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:saea13:143077

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    depreciation; historical value; loan evaluation; market value; solvency; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Financial Economics; G33; Q14;

    JEL classification:

    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance

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