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Sweet Sorghum: A Smart Crop To Meet The Demands For Food, Fodder, Fuel And Feed

In: INNOVATIVE INSTITUTIONS, PUBLIC POLICIES AND PRIVATE STRATEGIES FOR AGRO-ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT

Author

Listed:
  • G. Basavaraj
  • P. Parthasarathy Rao
  • C. Ravinder Reddy
  • A. Ashok Kumar
  • S. Datta Mazumdar
  • Y. Ramana Reddy
  • P. Srinivasa Rao
  • S.M. Karuppan Chetty
  • Belum V.S. Reddy

Abstract

Sweet sorghum is a C4 plant with high photosynthetic efficiency producing high biomass with sugary stalks in a short time (4 months) under rain-fed conditions. The stalks can be crushed to make juice, which can be fermented to produce ethanol or boiled to produce syrup. The syrup can be converted to ethanol or to food grade quality syrup to be used as sweetener by the food industry. This chapter highlights income generating opportunities for smallholder farmers from sweet sorghum cultivation and processing through small scale agro-enterprise. This pilot project was conducted by ICRISAT by establishing a Decentralized Crushing Unit (DCU) at the village level to crush sweet sorghum stalks, extract juice and boil it to produce syrup to be used for various industrial uses (ethanol and food). The bagasse (fiber left over after crushing) was used as livestock feed or as fuel. The benefit–cost ratios (BCR) for the options explored indicate that a simple value addition in the form of chopping sweet sorghum stover provides the highest BCR of 2.56, though the sustenance of the agro-enterprise depends on the availability of multiple feedstocks like maize and sorghum stover for optimum capacity utilization and profitability. This is followed by syrup production for the food industry. The establishment of small scale enterprises will pave the way for micro-entrepreneurship at village level and enhance income and employment opportunities, in the process reducing rural poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • G. Basavaraj & P. Parthasarathy Rao & C. Ravinder Reddy & A. Ashok Kumar & S. Datta Mazumdar & Y. Ramana Reddy & P. Srinivasa Rao & S.M. Karuppan Chetty & Belum V.S. Reddy, 2014. "Sweet Sorghum: A Smart Crop To Meet The Demands For Food, Fodder, Fuel And Feed," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: INNOVATIVE INSTITUTIONS, PUBLIC POLICIES AND PRIVATE STRATEGIES FOR AGRO-ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT, chapter 7, pages 169-187 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
  • Handle: RePEc:wsi:wschap:9789814596619_0007
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    Keywords

    Agribusiness; Policy; Innovation; Development; Private enterprise; Food and Agriculture Organization; Cornell University; Rural infrastructure; Agro-industries; Competitiveness; Resource mobilizatiom;

    JEL classification:

    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • F63 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Economic Development

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