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Unhealthy eating habits, physical exercise and macronutrient intakes are predictors of anthropometric indicators in the Women's Health Trial: Feasibility Study in Minority Populations

In: Econometrics, Statistics And Computational Approaches In Food And Health Sciences

Author

Listed:
  • Alok Bhargava

    (Department of Economics, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-5019, USA)

  • Joanne F. Guthrie

    (Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, 1800 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA)

Abstract

AbstractThe increasing prevalence of obesity in the USA, especially among minority populations, is a serious public health concern. This present study analysed repeated measurements at baseline and at 6 and 12 months on 351 women in the control group and 575 women in the intervention group of the Women's Health Trial: Feasibility Study in Minority Populations. Dynamic random effects models were estimated using the three repeated observations to explain the effects of energy and macronutrient intakes, physical exercise, unhealthy eating habits and socio-economic characteristics on the subjects' body weights and waist and hip circumferences. In both the control and intervention groups, physical exercise was negatively associated with body weight and with waist and hip circumferences, while an index of unhealthy eating habits was positively associated (P < 0.05). The proportion of energy derived from carbohydrate and from saturated and mono-unsaturated fat were often significant predictors of body weight and of waist and hip circumferences in the two groups. The results indicated that nutrition education programmes for improving eating habits and increasing physical exercise can reduce obesity prevalence in the USA.

Suggested Citation

  • Alok Bhargava & Joanne F. Guthrie, 2006. "Unhealthy eating habits, physical exercise and macronutrient intakes are predictors of anthropometric indicators in the Women's Health Trial: Feasibility Study in Minority Populations," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Econometrics, Statistics And Computational Approaches In Food And Health Sciences, chapter 27, pages 373-382 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
  • Handle: RePEc:wsi:wschap:9789812773319_0027
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    Keywords

    Econometrics; Nutrition; Health; Child Development; Psychology; Behavioral Nutrition; Demography; Anthropology; Economic Development; Agricultural Economics; Environmental Sciences; Epidemiology; Nonlinear Optimization;

    JEL classification:

    • C40 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - General
    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Z18 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Public Policy

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