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Quota as a Competitive Device

In: International Trade and Economic Dynamics


  • Sugata Marjit

    (R1 Baishnabghata Patuk Township)

  • Tarun Kabiraj

    (Indian Statistical Institute)

  • Arijit Mukherjee

    (University of Nottingham)


When entry of the relatively inefficient firms is deterred due to fixed costs, leading to a monopoly of the relatively efficient firm, guaranteed production quota for the less efficient ones can increase consumers' surplus. In other words, restricting the output of more efficient firm helps to reduce the price compared to the monopoly level. If the emergence of monopoly is independent of the level of fixed costs of the inefficient competitors, monopoly is the more efficient outcome. This has relevance for the recent entry of China in WTO and the abolition of export quotas in textiles. This also qualifies the conventional wisdom in the trade policy literature that quantitative restrictions are necessarily anticompetitive. The optimal policy can be to keep in place a quota but allow it to be licensed to the more efficient exporter.

Suggested Citation

  • Sugata Marjit & Tarun Kabiraj & Arijit Mukherjee, 2009. "Quota as a Competitive Device," Springer Books, in: Takashi Kamihigashi & Laixun Zhao (ed.), International Trade and Economic Dynamics, pages 151-159, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:sprchp:978-3-540-78676-4_14
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-78676-4_14

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