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Social Networks and “Missing Entrepreneurs”

In: The Palgrave Handbook of Minority Entrepreneurship


  • Teresa V. Menzies

    (Brock University)


This chapter reviews empirical studies in relation to social networks and the “missing” or “minority” entrepreneur’ groups, as identified by the OECD (2017). Methodology, sample description, conceptual focus and findings are summarised and discussed for women, immigrant, migrant/displaced/refugee, returning citizen/ex-offender and youth. Findings, for example, suggest family social networks have positive and negative effects. Formal networks, as a policy intervention and sometimes by industry group, have been successful in some contexts. Overall, the next stage of entrepreneurship and social networks research should focus on utilizing network theory despite the difficulty of collecting robust data.

Suggested Citation

  • Teresa V. Menzies, 2021. "Social Networks and “Missing Entrepreneurs”," Springer Books, in: Thomas M. Cooney (ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Minority Entrepreneurship, edition 1, pages 57-85, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:sprchp:978-3-030-66603-3_4
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-66603-3_4

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