IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this book chapter

Aggressive Play and Demand for English Premier League Football

In: Violence and Aggression in Sporting Contests


  • R. Todd Jewell

    (University of North Texas)


This study estimates a demand curve for per-match attendance in the English Premier Football League (EPL), the highest level of professional association football (soccer) in England. An emphasis is placed on the effect of aggressive play on attendance demand. Aggressive play is measured by fouls and cards accumulated by a team during each season. The results indicate that aggressive play by EPL teams has a significant effect on attendance and that this effect varies with team quality and the type of infraction. An increase in normal fouls by the home team appears to decrease attendance for the best teams and increase attendance for the worst teams. However, an increase in yellow-card fouls has the opposite effect on attendance. Interestingly, red cards given for violent play do not seem to be related to EPL per-match attendance, suggesting that fans do not have preferences for seeing violent play.

Suggested Citation

  • R. Todd Jewell, 2011. "Aggressive Play and Demand for English Premier League Football," Sports Economics, Management, and Policy, in: R. Todd Jewell (ed.), Violence and Aggression in Sporting Contests, edition 1, chapter 0, pages 113-131, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:semchp:978-1-4419-6630-8_8
    DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-6630-8_8

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Peter Dawson, 2014. "Refereeing and infringement of the rules," Chapters, in: John Goddard & Peter Sloane (ed.), Handbook on the Economics of Professional Football, chapter 24, pages 401-418, Edward Elgar Publishing.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spr:semchp:978-1-4419-6630-8_8. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Sonal Shukla or Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.