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Nascent Entrepreneurs in German Regions

In: Entrepreneurship in the Region


  • Ingo Lückgen
  • Dirk Oberschachtsiek
  • Rolf Sternberg
  • Joachim Wagner


Nascent entrepreneurs are people who are (alone or with others) actively engaged in creating a new venture, and who expect to be the owner or part owner of this start-up. Recently, an increasing number of empirical studies deals with the impacts of start-up activities on economic development of nations (Wong, Ho and Autio forthcoming; van Stel, Carree and Thurik forthcoming) and subnational regions (Acs and Armington, 2004; Fritsch and Mueller, 2004). Obviously different types of entrepreneurial activities may have different impacts on economic growth. Especially high growth potential entrepreneurship is found to have a significant (positive) impact on the dependent variables of economic growth in economically advanced countries. Given that newly founded firms are important for the economic development of nations and regions, and that nascent entrepreneurs are by definition important for the foundation of new firms, information about nascent entrepreneurs is important for understanding crucial aspects of the economy. This information, however, can not be found in publications from official statistics. Until the turn of the millennium, therefore, we knew next to nothing about nascent entrepreneurs in Germany. The situation improved considerably when results from the first German wave of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) survey became available in 19991. The GEM project, however, is focused on variations of entrepreneurial activity between entire countries. The relevance of detailed information on nascent entrepreneurs at the regional level, and the lack of it for Germany, led us to start the research project Regional Entrepreneurship Monitor (REM) Germany in 2000. As part of this project, we performed a representative survey of the adult population in ten German regions, plus a survey and interviews with local experts in the field of entrepreneurship. A second wave followed in 2003. This paper summarizes our findings using data from these surveys and interviews.

Suggested Citation

  • Ingo Lückgen & Dirk Oberschachtsiek & Rolf Sternberg & Joachim Wagner, 2006. "Nascent Entrepreneurs in German Regions," International Studies in Entrepreneurship, in: Michael Fritsch & Juergen Schmude (ed.), Entrepreneurship in the Region, chapter 2, pages 7-34, Springer.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:inschp:978-0-387-28376-0_2
    DOI: 10.1007/0-387-28376-5_2

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    Cited by:

    1. Francesco Maria Barbini & Marco Corsino & Paola Giuri, 2021. "How do universities shape founding teams? Social proximity and informal mechanisms of knowledge transfer in student entrepreneurship," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 46(4), pages 1046-1082, August.
    2. Brixy, Udo & Sternberg, Rolf & Stüber, Heiko, 2008. "From potential to real entrepreneurship," IAB-Discussion Paper 200832, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    3. Abeer Alomani & Rui Baptista & Suma S. Athreye, 2022. "The interplay between human, social and cognitive resources of nascent entrepreneurs," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 59(4), pages 1301-1326, December.
    4. Niels Bosma & Veronique Schutjens, 2011. "Understanding regional variation in entrepreneurial activity and entrepreneurial attitude in Europe," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 47(3), pages 711-742, December.
    5. Dirk Oberschachtsiek, 2012. "The experience of the founder and self-employment duration: a comparative advantage approach," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 1-17, July.


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