IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this book chapter

Estimation with Valid and Invalid Instruments

In: Contributions in Memory of Zvi Griliches


  • Jinyong Hahn
  • Jerry Hausman


We demonstrate analytically that for the widely used simultaneous equation model with one jointly endogenous variable and valid instruments, 2SLS has smaller MSE error, up to second order, than OLS unless the R², or the F statistic of the reduced form equation is extremely low. We also consider the relative bias of estimators when the instruments are invalid, i.e. the instruments are correlated with the stochastic disturbance. Here, both 2SLS and OLS are biased in finite samples and inconsistent. We investigate conditions under which the approximate finite sample bias or the MSE of 2SLS is smaller than the corresponding statistics for the OLS estimator. We again find that 2SLS does better than OLS under a wide range of conditions, which we characterize as functions of observable statistics and one unobservable statistic.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Jinyong Hahn & Jerry Hausman, 2010. "Estimation with Valid and Invalid Instruments," NBER Chapters, in: Contributions in Memory of Zvi Griliches, pages 25-57, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:12227

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    Other versions of this item:


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Qichun He, 2011. "Does FDI Promote Human Capital Accumulation? The Role of Gradual Financial Liberalization," CEMA Working Papers 455, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
    2. Lukáš Lafférs, 2019. "Identification in Models with Discrete Variables," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 53(2), pages 657-696, February.
    3. Guo, Zijian & Kang, Hyunseung & Cai, T. Tony & Small, Dylan S., 2018. "Testing endogeneity with high dimensional covariates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 207(1), pages 175-187.
    4. Lee, Seojeong, 2014. "Asymptotic refinements of a misspecification-robust bootstrap for generalized method of moments estimators," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 178(P3), pages 398-413.
    5. Zi-Yi Guo, 2017. "Health Insurance and the Demand for Medical Care: a Case Study from China," Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research, Asian Online Journal Publishing Group, vol. 4(1), pages 8-13.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:12227. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.