Clusterförderung und Wirtschaftspolitik - Heilsbringer oder Wolf im Schafspelz?
In: List Forum Band 33
This paper provides a critical analysis of the widespread claim in economic policy of promoting ‚clus-ters’. Starting from the vague concept of clusters as promoted by PORTER at first it is investigated, if clus-ters really exist and if their existence exerts any benefits to regional economic development. Subsequently the rationale for promoting clusters is discussed from the viewpoint of economic policy. Finally the ques-tion is raised about the optimal implementation of cluster promotion. The findings show that the empirical evidence for the existence of clusters and their positive influence on regional economic development is not particularly overwhelming. The economic justification of cluster promotion crucially depends on the distinction between pecuniary and technological externalities as causes for the concentration of entrepre-neurial activities. Whereas pecuniary externalities are remunerated by markets, only technological exter-nalities may justify policies directed at the promotion of clusters. Altogether it shows up, that the promo-tion of clusters is associated with substantial implementation problems and that there are no convincing economic reasons for a preferential treatment of spatially concentrated enterprises. (Original text only available in german language)
To our knowledge, this item is not available for
download. To find whether it is available, there are three
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
|This chapter was published in: ||This item is provided by List Gesellschaft e.V. in its series List Forum Chapter with number
33-05.||Handle:|| RePEc:lst:lfchap:33-05||Contact details of provider:|| Postal: postal:c/o Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE), Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Universitätsstraße 1, 40225 Düsseldorf|
Phone: + 49 (0) 211-81-10240
Fax: + 49 (0) 211-81-15499
Web page: http://www.list-gesellschaft.de
More information through EDIRC
|Order Information:|| Email: |
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:lst:lfchap:33-05. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lukas Wnuk Lipinski)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.