Cambodia Country Report
The Kingdom of Cambodia is located in the Lower Mekong region of Southeast Asia. It has an 800 km border with Thailand in the west, with Lao PDR in the north, and Viet Nam in the east. The physical landscape is dominated by lowland plains around the Mekong River and the Tonle Sap Lake. Of the country’s area of 181,035 km, approximately 49 percent remains covered by forest. There are about 2.5 million hectares of arable land and over 0.5 million hectares of pasture land. The country’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2005 was about US$ 5.7 billion at constant 2000 prices with a substantial agriculture share of 34 percent. The population during the same year was 14.0 million. Cambodia’s conventional primary energy demand in 2005 stood at 1303 ktoe while its final energy consumption stood at 1007 ktoe. It is dependent on imports of petroleum products having no crude oil production or oil refining facilities. Its electricity supply is dominated by oil at 95 percent with hydro accounting for the rest. Cambodia has 10,000 MW of hydropower potential; however, only 65 MW had been installed to date. Commercial quantities of coal have also been discovered in Cambodia but no official figures on recoverable reserves are available currently
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