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The Mexican Tax-Benefit System

In: Sistemas de impuestos y prestaciones en América Latina

Author

Listed:
  • Absalón, Carlos

    (Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla)

  • Urzúa, Carlos M.

    (Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Ciudad de México)

Abstract

After the economic crisis that erupted in 1994, extreme poverty in Mexico increased steadily until it ended up affecting more than one third of the population in 1996. Since then, the government has increased substantially social benefits, directing most of its efforts toward reducing poverty (the percentage of population living in poverty, although still high, is now lower than in the pre-crisis years). Regarding the tax system, in 2007 the Congress enacted several changes in the case of income taxes and some excise taxes. Thus, on both sides, benefits and taxes, there have been several recent reforms in Mexico that are worth to study in a micro-simulation framework.

Suggested Citation

  • Absalón, Carlos & Urzúa, Carlos M., 2011. "The Mexican Tax-Benefit System," EGAP Chapters, in: López Calva, Luis Felipe & Urzúa, Carlos M. (ed.), Sistemas de impuestos y prestaciones en América Latina, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Ciudad de México.
  • Handle: RePEc:ega:capitu:201101
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    File URL: http://alejandria.ccm.itesm.mx/egap/documentos/CAP-2011-01.pdf
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    Keywords

    Mexico; tax system; benefit system; impuestos; prestaciones sociales;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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