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Ten Steps to a Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System : A Handbook for Development Practitioners


  • Jody Zall Kusek
  • Ray C. Rist


An effective state is essential to achieving socio-economic and sustainable development. With the advent of globalization, there are growing pressures on governments and organizations around the world to be more responsive to the demands of internal and external stakeholders for good governance, accountability and transparency, greater development effectiveness, and delivery of tangible results. Governments, parliaments, citizens, the private sector, Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs), civil society, international organizations, and donors are among the stakeholders interested in better performance. As demands for greater accountability and real results have increased, there is an attendant need for enhanced results-based monitoring and evaluation of policies, programs, and projects. This handbook provides a comprehensive ten-step model that will help guide development practitioners through the process of designing and building a results-based monitoring and evaluation system. These steps begin with a 'readiness assessment' and take the practitioner through the design, management, and importantly, the sustainability of such systems. The handbook describes each step in detail, the tasks needed to complete each one, and the tools available to help along the way.

Suggested Citation

  • Jody Zall Kusek & Ray C. Rist, 2004. "Ten Steps to a Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System : A Handbook for Development Practitioners," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14926, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:14926

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    Cited by:

    1. Independent Evaluation Group, 2007. "Sourcebook for Evaluating Global and Regional Partnership Programs : Indicative Principles and Standards," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6601, June.
    2. Rosalía Rodriguez-García & Elizabeth M. White, 2005. "Self-Assessment in Managing for Results: Conducting Self-Assessment for Development Practitioners," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7292, June.
    3. Mohinder S. Mudahar & Raisuddin Ahmed, 2010. "Government and Rural Transformation : Role of Public Spending and Policies in Bangladesh," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 16356, June.
    4. Independent Evaluation Group, 2006. "From Schooling Access to Learning Outcomes, An Unfinished Agenda : An Evaluation of World Bank Support to Primary Education," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7083, June.
    5. Noel Hepworth, 2017. "Is implementing the IPSASs an appropriate reform?," Public Money & Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(2), pages 141-148, February.
    6. Heinemann, E. & Van Hemelrijck, A. & Guijt, I., 2017. "IFAD RESEARCH SERIES 16 - Getting the most out of impact evaluation for learning, reporting and influence," IFAD Research Series 280054, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
    7. Tuan M. Ha & Ockie J. H. Bosch & Nam C. Nguyen, 2016. "Establishing an Evolutionary Learning Laboratory for Improving the Quality of Life of Vietnamese Women in Small-scale Agriculture: Part I—The Current Situation," Systems Research and Behavioral Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(4), pages 532-543, July.
    8. Roula Khadra & Juan Antonio Sagardoy & Suzan Taha & Nicola Lamaddalena, 2017. "Participatory Irrigation Management and Transfer: Setting the Guiding Principles for a Sustaining Monitoring & Evaluation System – a Focus on the Mediterranean," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 31(13), pages 4227-4238, October.
    9. World Bank, 2013. "Dealing with GAC Issues in Project Lending : The Special Case of Fragile and Conflict-Affected States," World Bank Other Operational Studies 16725, The World Bank.
    10. Nathalie Holvoet & Robrecht Renard, 2007. "Monitoring and Evaluation Reform under Changing Aid Modalities: Seeking the Middle Ground in Aid-Dependent Low-Income Countries," WIDER Working Paper Series RP2007-52, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    11. Roula Khadra & Juan Antonio Sagardoy & Suzan Taha & Nicola Lamaddalena, 2018. "MONEVA - a Monitoring & Evaluation System to Assess the Performance of Participatory Irrigation Management/Irrigation Management Transfer Programs in the Mediterranean Region," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 32(1), pages 123-140, January.
    12. Landiyanto, Erlangga Agustino, 2015. "Transformation of the national monitoring and evaluation arrangement in decentralized Indonesia," MPRA Paper 69073, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Sergii SLukhai, 2011. "Monitoring and evaluation as tools for enhancing public expenditure management in Ukraine," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 35(2), pages 217-239.
    14. Lydia Nyambura & James Mutuiri & David Mutwiri & Jeffrey Maina & Dennis Njiru & Peterson Obara Magutu, 2018. "Lean Supply Chain Management Practices and Procurement Performance of Leading Supermarkets in Nairobi, Kenya," Noble International Journal of Business and Management Research, Noble Academic Publsiher, vol. 2(12), pages 101-112, December.
    15. Peter J. Baldacchino & Chantelle Camilleri & Simon Grima & Frank H. Bezzina, 2017. "Assessing Incentive and Monitoring Schemes in the Corporate Governance of Maltese Co-operatives," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(3A), pages 177-195.
    16. Oana Luca & Florian Gaman & Emanuel Răuță, 2021. "Towards a National Harmonized Framework for Urban Plans and Strategies in Romania," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(4), pages 1-16, February.
    17. Shyam Singh & Nathalie Holvoet & Vivek Pandey, 2018. "Bridging Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility: Culture of Monitoring and Evaluation of CSR Initiatives in India," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-19, July.
    18. Holvoet, N. & Renard, Robrecht, 2007. "Monitoring and evaluation under the PRSP: Solid rock or quicksand?," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 66-81, February.
    19. Santiago, Jose L. & Ballesteros, Marta A. & Chapela, Rosa & Silva, Cristina & Nielsen, Kåre N. & Rangel, Mafalda & Erzini, Karim & Wise, Laura & Campos, Aida & Borges, Maria F. & Sala, Antonello & Vir, 2015. "Is Europe ready for a results-based approach to fisheries management? The voice of stakeholders," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 86-97.
    20. Th. Levy-Tadjine & M. Velmuradova, 2006. "La problématique complexe de l'aide au développement du secteur privé par les Organisations Non Marchandes soumises au contact inter-culturel," Post-Print hal-01582284, HAL.


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