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The Philosophical Framework for Understanding Neuroscientific Research

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  • Olga Markic

    () (Faculty of Arts - University of Ljubljana)

Abstract

New tools and methods for investigating the brain have given neuroscientists a chance to examine the working brain and placed neuroscience as the central discipline in cognitive science. My main goal in this article is to examine theoretical and philosophical assumptions on which different understandings and interpretations of neuroscientific research are based and to show why philosophical reflection on neuroscience is needed. I first discuss different roles philosophy potentially plays in cognitive science. After a short presentation of Descartes' position concerning the mind body problem and cognitive science approaches to answer his challenge, I examine different theoretical frameworks for neuroscientific research.

Suggested Citation

  • Olga Markic, 2013. "The Philosophical Framework for Understanding Neuroscientific Research," Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems - scientific journal, Croatian Interdisciplinary Society Provider Homepage: http://indecs.eu, vol. 11(4), pages 351-362.
  • Handle: RePEc:zna:indecs:v:11:y:2013:i:4:p:351-362
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Toma Strle, 2012. "Metacognition and Decision Making: between First and Third Person Perspective," Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems - scientific journal, Croatian Interdisciplinary Society Provider Homepage: http://indecs.eu, vol. 10(3), pages 284-297.
    2. Urban Kordes, 2012. "Thinking of Experience, Experiencing Thinking," Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems - scientific journal, Croatian Interdisciplinary Society Provider Homepage: http://indecs.eu, vol. 10(3), pages 223-234.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    philosophy of cognitive science; Descartes; neurophilosophy; reduction; embodied cognition;

    JEL classification:

    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations
    • Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General

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