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Exercise at Different Ages and Appendicular Lean Mass and Strength in Later Life: Results From the Berlin Aging Study II

Author

Listed:
  • Eibich, Peter
  • Buchmann, Nikolaus
  • Kroh, Martin
  • Wagner, Gert G.
  • Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth
  • Demuth, Ilja
  • Norman, Kristina

Abstract

Background. Excessive loss of muscle mass in advanced age is a major risk factor for decreased physical ability and falls. Physical activity and exercise training are typically recommended to maintain muscle mass and prevent weakness. How exercise in different stages of life relates to muscle mass, grip strength, and risk for weakness in later life is not well understood.Methods. Baseline data on 891 participants at least 60 years old from the Berlin Aging Study II (BASE-II) were analyzed. Linear and logistic regressions of self-reported exercise in early adulthood, old age, or both on appendicular lean mass (ALM), grip strength, and a risk indicator for weakness (ALM/ body mass index cutoff) were calculated. In addition, treatment bounds are analyzed to address potential confounding using a method proposed by Oster.Results. Analyses indicate that for men only, continuous exercise is significantly associated with higher muscle mass (SD = 0.24, p

Suggested Citation

  • Eibich, Peter & Buchmann, Nikolaus & Kroh, Martin & Wagner, Gert G. & Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth & Demuth, Ilja & Norman, Kristina, 2016. "Exercise at Different Ages and Appendicular Lean Mass and Strength in Later Life: Results From the Berlin Aging Study II," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 515-520.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:espost:162704
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