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Demutualizations and Free Cash Flows


  • C. Steven Cole
  • Michael J. McNamara
  • Brenda P. Wells


This article examines undistributed cash flow before and after life insurance company demutualizations. Theory argues that free cash flow should be lower on a relative basis under the stock form of organization as the incentives, control, and bond opportunities are greater than under the mutual form of organization. The empirical results show a significant reduction in relative and undistributed cash flow after life insurers convert from the mutual to the stock form of organization. The evidence supports the contention that stock insurers are more effective in reducing the agency costs of equity than are mutual insurers.

Suggested Citation

  • C. Steven Cole & Michael J. McNamara & Brenda P. Wells, 1995. "Demutualizations and Free Cash Flows," Journal of Insurance Issues, Western Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 18(1), pages 37-56.
  • Handle: RePEc:wri:journl:v:18:y:1995:i:1:p:37-56

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