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Rough road to the market: Constrained biotechnology innovation and entrepreneurship in Nigeria and Ghana


  • Padmashree Gehl Sampath

    (Open University, Milton Keynes, UK)

  • Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka

    (United Nations University-MERIT, Maastricht, The Netherlands)


The paper analyses collaborative learning in knowledge generation in biotechnology in two very late follower economies, namely, Nigeria and Ghana in order to compare the innovation and entrepreneurship experiences they present. We suggest that the quality of physical infrastructure, knowledge infrastructure (including appropriate human skills), in addition to institutions and incentives for innovation contribute in large part to observed processes of innovation success. Regardless of whether the initiating step is the incremental design or laboratory-based R&D stage, these factors are critical determinants of commercialisation. We use empirical data from the public sector institutions collected through field level surveys to substantiate these results. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Padmashree Gehl Sampath & Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, 2010. "Rough road to the market: Constrained biotechnology innovation and entrepreneurship in Nigeria and Ghana," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(7), pages 962-977.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:22:y:2010:i:7:p:962-977
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.1560

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